Tiaundra Franklin , Calah McCall
Topic: Ancient Egyptian architecture and Art

In Egypt architecture was built differently for different social rankings and purposes. Most architecture was built using sunbaked mud brick and stone. Limestone was also frequently used as well as sandstone and granite. Stones were reserved for tombs and temples. For royalty bricks were used. In royal palaces, fortresses, and sometimes in the walls of temple precincts. Two of the most famous pieces of architecture are the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Great Sphinx of Giza. Religion and death were reflected in the art of ancient Egypt. Art became a crafted and well-developed technique during the Old Kingdom(2700-2200 B.C.). As Egypt entered the Middle Kingdom, the value of the art declined. The work didn’t reflect much of the culture anymore. It usually showed daily life.




Egyptian Architecture



Mastabas were commonly built in Egypt. These are tombs that have flat tops. Entering the Old Kingdom, Egyptians started to build pyramids which are commonly shown in pictures. As well as the pyramids they built little houses and butcher shops. During the Middle Kingdom mastabas were back in the picture but more delicate and glamourous for pharaohs. Then in the New Kingdom temples were built for priests and palaces for royalty. The pyramid of Giza is a famous piece of architecture. This pyramid was built in honor of King Khufu. It is known as the first of the Seven Wonders of the World. It was the tallest man-made structure for over 3,800 years. The Great Sphinx of Giza is also well known. Representing kingship, the Sphinx brought on much controversy. The head was shaped as the kings but the body of an animal. The lion was commonly used to show power and leadership.

Egyptian Art
In ancient Egyptian paintings, people were drawn with their heads in profile and their bodies facing front. Even with the faces in profile, their eyes were always drawn full out. Their legs would face the same direction as the head with one foot in front of the other. People of high importance


were drawn very stiff with a calm face. Slaves and animals were drawn smaller to show that they weren’t important. They were drawn natural and relaxed. To get colors they used materials around them. Therefore, different shades were limited. Most paintings were of religious life, military life and daily life.